Edith Land was an American supercentenarian who was born in Maryland, United States, on 20 February 1879.
An African-American, Land never married, and died in New Jersey, United States, as the second-oldest living African-American, behind Lucy Hannah of Alabama, United States (16 July 1875 - 21 March 1993), who herself died aged 117 years 248 days.
She was also, retroactively, the 16th-oldest person in the world at her death on 19 February 1990, aged 110 years, 364 days.
Land is the only validated supercentenarian to die one day short of her 111th birthday at the age of 110 years, 364 days. Another somewhat similar case exists with another supercentenarian, Valentino Stella. He was born in Veneto, Italy (coincidentially the birthplace and current residence of Italy's oldest currently living person, Stella Nardari-Vecchiato, 113) on 2 January 1886, and died on 1 January 1997 at the age of 110 years, 365 days - owing to the fact that the previous year of 1996 was a leap year. Stella's case also represents the longest-ever time someone lived as a supercentenarian without turning 111, at 365 days, beating both Land and Brown by one day.
Land's age puts her as the 759th oldest person on record; there are approximately 1450 validated supercentenarians all-time, not including disputed cases.